E-100 Tiger-Maus

By Christian Ankerstjerne

Introduction

In September 1942, while the Maus super-heavy tanks was being designed by Porsche, Krupp decided to submit a competitive design. It was suggested to use components from the Tiger II chassis, including the Maybach HL 230 engine, for a 150 ton tank. The turret was planned to be the same as that of the Maus.

Development

While the use of already existing components made Krupp's Tiger-Maus more feasible, the Maybach HL 230 meant that it was significantly underpowered. As a result, Krupp's design developed as a somewhat lighter vehicle, at 130 tons, compared to the Maus' then-projected weight of 170 tons. The reduced weight gave additional advantages of superior speed, ground pressure, and fuel consumption, as well as decrease raw material usage. In addition, a supercharged version of the HL 230 was considered, which would have an output of 1000 horse powers. Nevertheless, Hitler favored the more technically complex Maus. As a result, on 15 December 1942, Krupp was informed that the Tiger-Maus should cease, and on 5 January 1943, the Maus was chosen for production.

After the Maus had been chosen for production, Waffenamt Prüfwesen 6 (Weapons Testing Office 6, the office responsible for armor design) copied Krupp's Tiger-Maus for their E-100 design. Adler, who had no prior experience in armor design, was awarded the contract for a single E-100 prototype during 1943. Krupp designed a new turret in 1944, closely resembling the Maus turret, the only difference being somewhat thinner armor. As the war situation deteriorated, work on the E-100 stopped. By the time the war ended, an only partially assembled E-100 chassis was found by Allied forces.

Technical Information

E-100 (Tiger-Maus)
Crew
Crew
  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loaders (2)
  • Driver
  • Radio operator
Physical Characteristics
Weight 123.5 t
Length 11.073 m
Width 8.733 m
Height 3.375 m
Firing height 2.45 m
Ground clearance 50 cm
Ground contact length 4.9 m
Ground pressure 1.26 kg/cm²
Armor
Hull, front 150-200 mm
Hull, sides and rear 120-150 mm
Hull, top 40 mm
Hull, bottom 40-80 mm
Turret, front 200 mm
Turret, sides and rear 80-150 mm
Turret, top 40 mm
Performance
Maximum speed 23 km/h
Maximum grade 30°
Trench crossing 2.9 m
Vertical obstacle 85 cm
Fording depth 165 cm
Fuel capacity 2050 l
Mileage (road) 12.81 l/km
Mileage (cross-country) 20.5 l/km
Cruising range 160 km
Cross-country range 100 km
Engine
Make and model Maybach HL 230 P 30
Type Water cooled
Cylinders 12
Displacement 23 000 cc
Fuel Gasoline
Max. governed speed 2500 rpm
Net h.p. 600
Armament
Main weapon
  • 12,8 cm Kw K (L/55)
  • 7,5 cm Kw K (L/24)

Additional Reading

Web Links

Pz Kpfw Maus
Information about the Panzerkampfwagen Maus.

Books

Sources

  1. JENTS, Thomas L. & DOYLE, Hilary Louis. Panzer Tracts No. 6-3 - Schwere Panzerkampfwagen Maus and E 100 : Development and production from 1942 to 1945. Boyds, MD : Panzer Tracts, 2008. 72 p. ISBN: 0-9815382-3-1.